Gingival Hyperplasia – What To Do about Those Gums Growing Over Your Teeth?

We are mostly concerned about gums receding from their original position on teeth, but what about the less-talked-about scenario of gums growing over them? The idea of fleshy gums encapsulating your teeth is unsettling. This is a rare dental condition with an overgrowth of gum tissue is seen. Although it may seem like an alarming situation, the good news is that it’s treatable. Let’s delve into further details and learn more about it.

What Exactly is Gingival Hyperplasia?

Gingival hyperplasia is basically your gum tissues overgrowing around your teeth. Various factors cause this condition and is often linked to poor oral hygiene practices or the use of certain medications.

If this issue is left on its own, it can affect the alignment of your teeth and increase the risk of developing gum disease. However, improving oral hygiene is usually sufficient to resolve excessive growth. Still, severe cases might require surgical intervention.

Recognizing the Symptoms of Gingival Overgrowth

Here’s how you can spot the occurrence of gingival hyperplasia:

  • Red, bleeding gums
  • Tender gum tissues
  • Inflammation
  • Pain
  • Bad breath
  • Plaque buildup

In more severe instances, your gums might completely cover the teeth, making hygiene and teeth alignment a real challenge.


Understanding the root causes is crucial for choosing the right treatment. Some common triggers include:

1. Genetic Imbalance

Your genetic makeup serves as the main factor in this. If overgrown gums run in your family, there’s a high chance it might be encoded in your genes as well.

2. Systemic Health Issues

Hormonal imbalances that originate due to diabetes, vitamin deficiency, HIV, or pregnancy can trigger gingival hyperplasia. Hormones are crucial in regulating gum health; any disruption can lead to overgrowth.

3. Side Effects of Medications

Certain prescribed medicinal drugs, such as antiseizure medications, calcium blockers, and immunosuppressants, inflame the gum tissues, potentially leading to overgrowth.

4. Untreated Dental Concerns

Neglected dental issues such as pericoronitis or periodontitis may serve as a basis for gum overgrowth. You can reduce the chances of their development with the help of dental check-ups and prompt treatment of any problems that are crucial for maintaining gum health.

5. Collagen Overproduction

There are times when your body produces excess collagen, often linked to a condition called hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF). Collagen is a protein that provides structure to tissues, and its overproduction can lead to the thickening of gum tissue.

Treatment Options

Treating gingival hyperplasia pivots on the underlying cause. For many, proper oral hygiene can prevent or improve symptoms. However, surgical intervention might be recommended if medications or diseases are at the root cause. Some of the common procedures that can help in this condition include:

  1. Laser Excision: During this procedure, lasers get rid of inflamed gum tissues, followed by the removal of plaque around the tooth roots. This method is precise and minimizes discomfort during and after the procedure.
  2. Electrosurgery: Electric currents are used to cut or remove overgrown gum tissue. Electrosurgery is effective in reshaping the gums and promoting proper healing.
  3. Periodontal Flap Surgery: Gums are temporarily separated from the teeth to remove inflamed tissue, clean any plaque or tartar, and sew right back up.
  4. Gum Recontouring: Dr. Liza Shevchenko, a Diplomat of the American Board of Orthodontics, or her husband, Dr. Virgilio Gutierrez, an esteemed member of the German Society of Oral Implantology performs gum recontouring in Cypress, TX by removing a portion of gums around the teeth, trimming and repairing with stitches. Gingivectomy often works for a localized overgrowth and helps restore a more natural gum line.

Closing Note

While the thought of gums growing over your teeth might be anxiety-inducing, understanding the causes and treatments can help you take control of this condition. If you are interested in learning more about how we can help you, drop by The Smile Artisans at 18121 Tuckerton Road, Suite 140, Cypress, TX 77433, for an in-depth evaluation with a professional dental care expert. Call (832) 220-6087 to connect with us.

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